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2019-02-19 Our paper is published on Nanotechnology:Wafer-scale transferred multilayer MoS2 for high performance field effect transistors

Chemical vapor deposition synthesis of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) offers a new route to build next-generation semiconductor devices. But realization of continuous and uniform multilayer (ML) TMD films is still limited by their specific growth kinetics, such as the competition between surface and interfacial energy. In this work, a layer-by-layer vacuum stacking transfer method is applied to obtain uniform and non-destructive ML-MoS2 films. Back-gated field effect transistor (FET) arrays of 1L- and 2L-MoS2 are fabricated on the same wafer, and their electrical performances are compared. We observe a significant increase of field-effect mobility for 2L-MoS2 FETs, up to 32.5 cm2 V−1 s−1, which is seven times higher than that of 1L-MoS2 (4.5 cm2 V−1 s−1). Then we also fabricated 1L-, 2L-, 3L-, and 4L-MoS2 FETs to further investigate the thickness-dependent characteristics of transferred ML-MoS2. Measurement results show a higher mobility but a smaller current on/off ratio as the layer number increases, suggesting that a balance between mobility and current on/off ratio can be achieved in 2L- and 3L-MoS2 FETs. Dual-gated structure is also investigated to demonstrate an improved electrostatic control of the ML-MoS2 channel.